Kaen province is located in the heart of northeastern Thailand
in the area often referred to as Isaan.
capital, Khon Kaen city, is approximately 450 km north east
of the nation’s capital, Bangkok. Khon Kaen covers an area
of 13,404 sq km of the so-called Khorat or northeastern plateau,
making it the fifteenth largest province in Thailand.
province is surrounded by nine other Thai provinces. To the
North are Loei, Nong Bua Lam Phu and Udon Thani. To the east
are Kalasin and Maha Sarakham. Buri Ram and Nakhon Ratchasima
are to the south with Chaiyaphum and Phetchabun to the west.
As with the
rest of Isaan, the overall topography of this province is
mostly flat and semi-arid. There are a few mountain ranges
in the west and some other parts have areas of sloping and
undulating land drained by the Chi river basin.
to the Chi river which rises in Chaiyaphum, the Nam Pong river
flows from Loei and also passes through Khon Kaen province.
Both rivers merge further downstream in Maha Sarakham province
and ultimately flow into the Mekong and Mun rivers. Despite
being mainly flat and semi-arid, Khon Kaen province is also
home to a number of national parks, including Phu Kao-Phu
Phan Kham National Park.
In 1995, the
total land area of Khon Kaen province was classified as follows:
land – 30.6%
are yet to be economically developed, natural resources in
Khon Kaen are considered plentiful. Such resources include
natural gas, petroleum, copper, phosphates, rock salt and
The small forest areas that
still remain are mostly situated in the northwest corner of
the province. Fortunately, many forest preservation projects
are now already in progress to try and counter the ecological
problems and the effects of both man-made and natural deforestation
in these areas.
in the heart of the most semi-arid region of northeastern
Thailand or Isaan, the climate in this province is generally
considered to be much dryer and hotter when compared to the
rest of the country, especially the north. The mean temperature
in 1997 was 27.2º Celsius.
There are, however, still
three distinct seasons; the hot or dry season, the rainy season
and the cool season. During the winter months, temperatures
at night can drop considerably. At most other times during
the year, day and night temperatures do not vary significantly
and are generally just hot!
The limited rainy season is
mainly dictated by the rainfall pattern of the southwest monsoons
and tropical cyclones originating in the South China Sea.
Normally these run from May until October. Lighter rains may
also occur from February to April, however, these are brought
by the Bengal cyclones from across the Andaman Sea.
Annual rainfall (1997) - 898
Number of days of rain - 101
The cold dry northeast monsoon
brings a distinct cool and dry season from November to mid-February.
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